Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
At the critical intersection of synthesis and folding, the ribosome is emerging as a hub, guiding the emergence of the polypeptide-chain into the crowded cytoplasm. The ribosome orchestrates elongation rates as well as co-translational binding of folding chaperones, protecting the nascent chain from aggregation.
A recent breakthrough revealed that even the final step of folding, the assembly into complexes, is coordinated with translation. However the mechanisms regulating co-translational assembly pathways remain largely obscure. In order to capture and characterize the dynamic pathways of complex assembly, we combined several approaches, including selective ribosome profiling, super resolution imaging, molecular dynamic simulations and proteomics of ribosomes under diverse conditions.
Targeting ribosomes overexpressing misfolding-prone proteins we reveal novel quality control factors coordinated with the translation process, discovering a novel pathway for complex subunits that fail to assemble into functional complexes. This provides us, for the first time, direct data on a proteome-wide scale, of factors safeguarding the cellular proteome during synthesis. Using dynamic conformational sampling on several complexes, we identified interface “hot-spot” residues, deriving the exact point during synthesis allowing for a meta-stable complex to form.
These predictions directly correlate to the observed onset of co-translational association, demonstrating our ability to predict protein-protein association at the nascent-proteome level. Imaging analysis by smFISH of the translation process in living cells, utilizing super resolution approaches, revealed co-localization of mRNAs encoding for specific complex subunits, in dedicated cytoplasmic foci.
Together, our research provides crucial mechanistic insights on protein synthesis, folding and association pathways, opening new horizons for therapy of aberrant protein assemblies, characteristic of numerous conformational diseases.
University of Luxembourg, Maison du Savoir
2, avenue de l’Université
LECTURE: 11:00am – 12:00pm
Please note that registration is mandatory by sending an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
12:15pm – 13:15pm light lunch provided
University of Luxembourg, Campus Belval
Coffee Lounge, 2nd Floor BT1
7, avenue des Hauts-Fourneaux
Read more about the “Data Protection Notice: processing of personal data in the scope of events’ management”.
🇬🇧 EIT Health Digital Medical Devices – Summer School
🇬🇧 Precision Health conference: Health for all of us
Speaker : Various
🇬🇧 Joint lecture series clinical research on innovative healthcare
Speaker : Prof Martin Südmeyer, Dr Odette Fründt
🇬🇧 Probes, instruments and algorithms to propel multiscale-multimodal imaging investigations of the brain in health and disease
Lecture Series Infection & Immunity – Next-generation of multi-omics research:going to the single cell
Speaker : Prof Mark Ellisman
🇬🇧 Facilitate the development of therapies to prevent and cure Type 1 diabetes through a network of excellence
Speaker : Manuela Battaglia