Lecture - Breaking immune suppression for empowering the immune system to fight against Alzheimer's disease and dementia - Prof Michal Schwartz
30/03/2016 13:00 to 30/03/2016 16:30 (Europe/Luxembourg)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) like many other neurodegenerative diseases, is a multi-dimensional disease involving numerous biological pathways and molecules that become deviated within the brain. Attempts have been made to address several factors that are considered hallmarks of the disease, with the vast majority of them focusing on amyloid beta (Aß) peptides and plaque formation. So far, none of these approaches has resulted in a disease modifying therapy. Our findings over almost two decades show that immune system activity plays an essential role in maintaining life-long brain plasticity, and that following damage to the brain, immune cells are involved at all stages of tissue repair. Specifically, we identified the brain choroid plexus epithelium as an immunological interface needed for “healing” immune cell recruitment to sites of brain pathology. In
mouse models of AD, recruitment of bloodborne monocyte-derived macrophages to sites of brain pathology is associated with a therapeutic effect. We recently pointed to peripheral immune suppression as a negative player which hamper this process, and showed that boosting peripheral immunity, by transiently breaking immune tolerance, can increase recruitment of immune regulatory cells to sites of brain pathology, and to support tissue repair and reduced inflammation. Immune checkpoints are regulatory pathways which maintain systemic immune homeostasis and tolerance. Among such checkpoints, PD-1 is expressed by immune cells and negatively regulates immune responses. PD-1 blockade is currently used as an effective immunotherapy in cancer. Using a similar approach in AD animal models, we reported that anti-PD-1 antibodies are effective in reversing cognitive loss, in removal of plaques, and in restoring brain homeostasis as determined by the inflammatory molecular profile. Such an approach is not meant to be directed against any disease escalating factor in AD, but rather it empowers the immune system of the individual to drive the process of repair. Moreover, based on the animal studies, in which the effect was dramatic in terms of learning and memory skills restoration, we expect to see a robust effect on themental abilities of patients.
13:00 - 14:30 : Lecture
Lycée Technique d'Esch/Alzette - Salle de projection audiovisuelle
15:00 - 16:30 : Workshop
House of BioHealth
Room Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
Registration required for the workshop - send us an email.
About the Lecture & Workshop series - Infection & Immunity
The LIH lecture and workshops series in Infection and Immunity, supported by the FNR, are gathering internationally recognised speakers to address topics around Infection and Immunity. Twelve lectures will be organised in 2016, followed by workshops especially dedicated to early-stage researchers.
Attendance to the lectures and workshops are free of charge. Should you be interested in registering for the workshops, please feel free to do so by sending us an email.