Transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 is a new candidate prognostic biomarker after acute myocardial infarction.
- Cardiovascular Research Unit
BACKGROUND: Prediction of left ventricular (LV) remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (MI) is clinically important and would benefit from the discovery of new biomarkers. METHODS: Blood samples were obtained upon admission in patients with acute ST-elevation MI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Messenger RNA was extracted from whole blood cells. LV function was evaluated by echocardiography at 4-months. RESULTS: In a test cohort of 32 MI patients, integrated analysis of microarrays with a network of protein-protein interactions identified subgroups of genes which predicted LV dysfunction (ejection fraction </= 40%) with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) above 0.80. Candidate genes included transforming growth factor beta receptor 1 (TGFBR1). In a validation cohort of 115 MI patients, TGBFR1 was up-regulated in patients with LV dysfunction (P < 0.001) and was associated with LV function at 4-months (P = 0.003). TGFBR1 predicted LV function with an AUC of 0.72, while peak levels of troponin T (TnT) provided an AUC of 0.64. Adding TGFBR1 to the prediction of TnT resulted in a net reclassification index of 8.2%. When added to a mixed clinical model including age, gender and time to reperfusion, TGFBR1 reclassified 17.7% of misclassified patients. TGFB1, the ligand of TGFBR1, was also up-regulated in patients with LV dysfunction (P = 0.004), was associated with LV function (P = 0.006), and provided an AUC of 0.66. In the rat MI model induced by permanent coronary ligation, the TGFB1-TGFBR1 axis was activated in the heart and correlated with the extent of remodeling at 2 months. CONCLUSIONS: We identified TGFBR1 as a new candidate prognostic biomarker after acute MI.