Reduced expression of proteolipid protein 2 increases ER stress-induced apoptosis and autophagy in glioblastoma.
- NORLUX Neuro-Oncology Laboratory
Proteolipid protein 2 (PLP2) is an integral ion channel membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum. The protein has been shown to be highly expressed in many cancer types, but its importance in glioma progression is poorly understood. Using publicly available datasets (Rembrandt, TCGA and CGGA), we found that the expression of PLP2 was significantly higher in high-grade gliomas than in low-grade gliomas. We confirmed these results at the protein level through IHC staining of high-grade (n = 56) and low-grade glioma biopsies (n = 16). Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that increased PLP2 expression was associated with poorer patient survival. In functional experiments, siRNA and shRNA PLP2 knockdown induced ER stress and increased apoptosis and autophagy in U87 and U251 glioma cell lines. Inhibition of autophagy with chloroquine augmented apoptotic cell death in U87- and U251-siPLP2 cells. Finally, intracranial xenografts derived from U87- and U251-shPLP2 cells revealed that loss of PLP2 reduced glioma growth in vivo. Our results therefore indicate that increased PLP2 expression promotes GBM growth and that PLP2 represents a potential future therapeutic target.