Advances in high-resolution quantitative proteomics: implications for clinical applications.
- Proteomics of Cellular Signaling
The advances in high-resolution mass spectrometry instrumentation, capable of accurate mass measurement and fast acquisition, have enabled new approaches for targeted quantitative proteomics. More specifically, analyses performed on quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometers operated in parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) mode leverage the intrinsic high resolving power and trapping capabilities. The PRM technique offers unmatched degrees of selectivity and analytical sensitivity, typically required to analyze peptides in complex samples, such as those encountered in biomedical research or clinical studies. The features of PRM have provoked a paradigm change in targeted experiments, by decoupling acquisition and data processing. It has resulted in a new analytical workflow comprising distinct methods for each step, thus enabling much larger flexibility. The PRM technique was further enhanced by a new data acquisition scheme, allowing dynamic parameter settings. The potential of the technique may radically impact future quantitative proteomics studies.